These figures were provided in a presentation by Dr. Andrés Menéndez of the College Board’s Puerto Rico and Latin America Office titled ‘Perfil académico y socioeconómico del estudiante puertorriqueño‘. They represent the mean scores on the reasoning and achievement sections of the College Boards- Puerto Rico’s version of the ACT/SAT- for the 2006 graduating class according to family income. Even with the understanding that a fair number of students don’t have an accurate idea of what kind of money their parents make, this is a pretty depressing depiction of the effect of certain socioeconomic factors on academic performance. Not surprisingly, graphs tracking performance by mother’s education as well as father’s were similar.
By the numbers:
Reported annual family income: less than $4,800, 14.3%; $4,801-9,000, 16.6%; $9,001-13,000; 15.3%; $13,001-20,000, 16.9%; $20,001-30,000, 16.0%; $30,001-42,000, 9.0%; $42,001-50,040, 4.6%; more than $50,040, 7.3%. (If you counted a full 63% of students whose families earn less than $20,000/year, your eyes are not lying to you.)
26.9% of mothers and 18.1% of fathers held bachelors degrees; 22.6% of mothers and 18.2% of fathers held associates. The number for masters or higher was the same for both sexes- 6.7%. 25.1% and 32.4% of mothers and fathers, respectively, did not continue education past high school.
73.1% of students were educated in public schools, 24.0% in private.
I’ll let you draw your own conclusions.